Winter gloves protect against cold, moisture and injuries during winter sports. They are standard equipment for skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing and cross-country skiing. Basically, winter gloves differ in their glove shape, insulation and outer material.
Finger gloves offer a lot of freedom of movement and a precise grip, which is advantageous when holding a ski pole. Due to their construction, finger gloves tend to cool down a little faster, as each finger is insulated individually. Mittens guarantee maximum warmth, as all fingers are completely enclosed. However, fine motor tasks are less easy to master with the mitten. Three-finger mittens try to combine the best of both worlds: The fingers warm each other in the large finger chamber, while the detached index finger and thumb improve grip. Folding gloves also combine precision with warmth. The mitten cap is folded over the thinner finger gloves in cold weather.
Depending on the intended use, winter gloves are more or less thickly insulated. The thicker the glove is lined, the better it insulates against cold. Special membrane coatings on the outside, such as Windstopper or Gore-Tex, also protect against wind and make the glove waterproof. Softshell gloves are lightly lined gloves that are good for warmer conditions or very intense activities. Fleece gloves are good as light gloves for at the Christmas market, in everyday life or sports. In very cold temperatures, thinner versions are well suited as undergloves, also called liners.
Winter gloves have various additional features that support the respective purpose. Heated gloves can either be actively heated with a battery or have an extra compartment for heat pads. Protectors protect during very harsh activities, such as ice climbing. Dive-screen compatible elements on the fingertips allow you to operate your smartphone even on the chairlift. Rubber linings on the palm allow a secure grip when grabbing a pick or ski pole.